CHAPTER 18--OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG--1874-1875. AET. 42-43.

IT was a memorable day for Hudson Taylor when he set out with his like-minded companion to follow the mighty Yangtze, if not to its upper waters, at any rate to its confluence with the tributary Han, where the metropolis of midChina formed the farthest outpost of Protestant missions. Six hundred miles from the coast, this great centre of culture and commerce lay far beyond any inland station he had yet visited ; but northward, westward, southward of it stretched the nine unopened provinces, from the tropical jungles of Burma to the barren steppes of Mongolia and the snowy ramparts of Tibet. Vast was that waiting world, and vast the longings with which Hudson Taylor turned his face-as he had long turned his heart-toward its silent appeal

" My soul yearns, oh! how intensely," he wrote at this time (June 1874), " for the evangelisation of the hundred and eighty millions of these unoccupied provinces. Oh, that I had a hundred lives to. give or spend for their good ! "

Meanwhile in England very different were -the experiences of those most closely connected with the work. Tenderly cared for by Miss Soltau, Mrs. Duncan, and others, Miss Blatchley still lingered, but it was in great weakness and suffering ; and the ebb-tide of her life seemed to leave the cause she had so faithfully served almost stranded.

"I seem to see her now," wrote Miss Soltau, " her lovely face so wan, lying on the sofa, with the tears running down her cheeks as she prayed for every missionary at every station. Oh, the burden on that loving heart. of the great work'! And so conscious was she that she was leaving it before long for the Better Land. One Saturday Miss Pillans Smith might be with us, and another, dear Mrs. Duncan. For many weeks I do not think we ever numbered ten ; and never shall I forget the feeling of desolation and helplessness when we two would find ourselves alone-as if no one in the wide world cared for the little band of toilers in far-off China! "

It had been to Mr. Taylor, as we have seen, a keen sorrow that he could not hasten home when first he heard of this illness, to relieve the beloved friend to whom he and his, as well as the Mission, owed so much. But month after month had gone by, and it was not until he had seen Mr. Judd in possession of suitable quarters at Wu-chang 1-{1 Not that the house first rented proved to be the permanent headquarters of the Western Branch of the C.I.M. No fewer than twelve different arrangements had to be made-twelve houses found and rented, if not occupied for longer or shorter periods-before the missionaries were allowed to settle in that proud, anti-foreign capital of two provinces. Across the river in the treaty, port of Hankow, it might have been easier to obtain premises ; but the London Missionary Society and the Wesleyan Mission were already there, represented by able and devoted workers. Time after time, as they faced their seemingly endless difficulties, Mr. and Mrs. Judd found, in common with all the pioneers of the Mission, that a day set apart for prayer and fasting turned the tide, and brought deliverance as well as blessing.} that the way began to open for his return to England. But even before he could leave China, the one he so hoped to succour had set out on a longer journey. For her all need of human help was past.

" Dear, much-loved Emily ! " wrote Miss Soltau. " Our loss only those can estimate who' really knew her.... Yet, not for one moment would I recall that tender heart from its joy in His embrace. . . . Very lovely have been the last two years, .. . such growth in grace, such sweet rest in the Lord, such loving tenderness to all around ! It was a great privilege to be with her."

" The most glorious triumphs of Christ are spiritual," we quote from the pen of the Rev. H. Grattan Guinness," 2-{2-In their newly founded East London Institute for Home and Foreign Missions, Mr. and Mrs. Guinness were even then preparing not a few of the pioneers destined to open up inland China. Messrs. Baller and Henry Taylor, already in China, proved to be the first of a thousand and more young workers who from Harley House, Bow, went out to the ends of the earth, including all Mr. and Mrs. Guinness's own children.} and His noblest work is that wrought in the secret of the soul. Not the conquest of kingdoms, but self-conquest; not the renunciation of anything external merely, but self-renunciation ; not the consecration of substance, but self-consecration in the service of GOD and man-these are the hardest deeds to accomplish, and the most divine attainments. They shine with the peculiar light of Calvary.

" Emily Blatchley, though unknown to the world, was a true heroine, and an instance of this noble, Christ-like self-sacrifice for the good of others. Her memory is fragrant, for her life was consecrated to Christ and the salvation of the heathen. For his sake she took care of a little flock, the children of the Rev. J. Hudson Taylor of the China Inland Mission. She tended them in health and in sickness, at home and abroad, for years ; and as long as health permitted was their only teacher. This she did to help forward the evangelisation of China, by -setting Mr. and Mrs. Taylor as free as possible for directly missionary work. Not content with caring for Mr. Taylor's children, she became a Secretary of the Mission. She wrote in its interest thousands of letters ; she kept its accounts ; she edited its Occasional Papers ; she helped to bear its burdens ; she worked long hours, and often far into the night. She not only toiled with head and hand, but with her heart too, for she prayed for the Mission. She daily remembered its missionaries by name at the Throne of Grace, and pleaded continually its cause with God. She suffered too. She `endured hardness.' when in China and on long journeys, putting up with much discomfort. She ministered to her fellow-missionaries, and nursed them when they were sick. She bore the trial of her faith and that of love as well, for in the cause of missions she sacrificed her heart's affections. And all this she did in a quiet, unpretending way, and with a calm perseverance which continued to the end of life. None could have given more to the work of God among the heathen than she did, for she gave all she had-herself.' Blessed be God for the grace bestowed upon her, and for the everlasting rest into which she has entered : for the grace which caused her to toil for Jesus, and then to sleep in Him.

" Faithful friend of a feeble but heroic Mission, would that all its helpers were like-minded with thee ! Would that all those who have ministered to it of their substance had as constant a memory of its wants as thine ! The China Inland Mission has no eloquent advocate of its claims. It has no denomination for its, support. It has no great names on which to rely. It is, therefore, cast the more on God, and on the faithful love and help of the comparatively few who can appreciate the simplicity, faith, and devotedness which characterise its work in the interest of China's millions. But let those few remember that it is no small honour to be enabled to recognise and minister to the Master when He appears in the garments of poverty and weakness.

" Friends of the China Inland Mission, a precious helper has just been removed from our midst ; let us close our ranks and seek to fill the gap. That Mission now needs our help more than ever ; let us prove ourselves worthy of the occasion. Let us help the work afresh; and let us Persevere in helping it. Here, around this newly opened grave, let our interest in this work revive ; and help Thou, 0 Lord! Is not Thy Name inscribed upon its banner ? Is not its song Ebenezer, and-its hope Jehovahjireh ? Bless, then, this Mission, and let the little one become a thousand for Thy glory's sake." 1-{1 Miss Blatchley entered into rest on Sunday morning July 26, 1874, and was buried in Highgate Cemetery. The above appreciation-a wreath of tender thoughts to lay upon her grave-appeared in The Christian a few days later.}

Strange and sorrowful was the home-coming in October, to find-Miss Blatchley's place empty, the children scattered, the Saturday prayer meeting discontinued, and the work almost at a standstill. But, even then, the lowest ebb had not been reached. When on his way up the Yangtze some months previously, a fall had severely shaken Mr. Taylor. The steamer by which he and Mr. Judd travelled was McBain's smallest cargo-boat, and the gangway down to " between decks " was little more than a ladder. Slipping on one of the top steps, Mr. Taylor had fallen heavily to the bottom, coming down upon his heels, and a sprained ankle had been only a small part of the damage. Extreme pain in the back disabled him for several days, and even when the ankle was well he still needed the help of crutches. Concussion of the spine often develops slowly ; and it was not until he had been at home a week or two that the rush of London life, with constant travelling by train and omnibus, began to tell. Then came gradual paralysis of the lower limbs, and the doctor's verdict that consigned him to absolute rest in bed. Stricken down in the prime of his days, he could only lie in that upstairs room conscious of all there was to be done, of all that was not being attended to-lie there and rejoice in God.

Yes, rejoice in God! With desires and hopes as limitless as the needs that pressed upon his heart ; with the prayer he had prayed, and the answers God had given ; with opportunities opening in China, and a wave of spiritual blessing reviving the churches at home that he longed to see turned into missionary channels;1-{1-Just as the launching of the Mission had coincided with an epoch of spiritual revival in the home churches (see p. 48), so now the commencement of its larger growth synchronised with a remarkable movement for the deepening of spiritual life. Messy' Moody and Sankey were in the midst of their first great missions in London, crowding among other places the Agricultural Hall, with its seating capacity of twenty thousand. Dr. Boardman's memorable book The Higher Christian Life was-being widely read, and conferences on the lines of " Keswick," which indeed grew out of them, were drawing together Christians of all denominations. Notable among these was the Brighton Convention of this summer (ten days in June 1875), when audiences of two to three thousand filled the Corn Exchange, and rivers of blessing were opened in many hearts that were to flow to the ends of the earth. From the deep experience through which he had himself been brought in China, Mr. Taylor was able to enter into the spirit and purpose of these gatherings in no ordinary way. He was sufficiently recovered to be one of the speakers at the Brighton Convention, and his life-long connection with " Keswick " may thus be said to have dated from its very inception.} with the " sentence of death" , in himself, and only the faintest hope that he would ever stand or walk again, the deepest thing of all was that unquestioning acceptance of the will of God, as wise, as kind, as best. Certain it is that from that quiet room, that room of suffering, sprang all the larger growth of the China Inland Mission.

A little bed with four posts was now the sphere to which Hudson Taylor found himself restricted-he who had hoped to do so much on this visit to England. Were not the receiving-home in Shanghai and the chain of river-stations ready for the pioneers? was not money in hand for their initial expenses ? was not the home department calling for entire reorganisation ? If ever strenuous, active effort had been needed, it was surely at this juncture : and a little bed with four posts was his prison, shall we say, or opportunity ? Between the posts at the foot of the bed hung a map-though he hardly needed it-a map of China. And round about him day and night was the Presence to which he had fullest access in the Name of Jesus.

I will give thee a place of access among these that stand by " (Zech.3: 7). Might not they all have had it ? We at any rate all " have our access by one Spirit unto the Father " (Eph.2: 18). That Hudson Taylor not only had it but used it made all the difference.

Long after, when the prayers that went up from that bed of pain had been more than answered, and the workers of the Mission were preaching Christ far and wide throughout inland China, a well-known leader of the Scottish Church said to Mr. Taylor:

" You must often be conscious of the wonderful way God has prospered you in the C.I.M. I doubt if any man living has had a greater honour."

" I do not look upon it in that way," was the quiet answer. Then turning to his friend in the carriage he said earnestly : " Do you know I sometimes think that God must have been looking for some one small enough and weak enough for Him to use, so that all the glory might be His, and that He found me." 1{1- Dr. Elder Cumming mentioned this incident to the writers as having taken place when he and Mr. Taylor were driving together to the funeral of the venerable Dr. Somerville of Glasgow.}

The outlook did not brighten as the year drew to a close. Mr. Taylor was less and less able to move, even in bed, and at last could only turn from side to side with the help of a rope firmly fixed above him. At first he had managed to write a little, but now could not even hold a pen, and circumstances deprived him of Mrs. Taylor's help for the time being. Then it was, with the dawn of 1875, that a little paper found its way into the Christian press entitled

" APPEAL FOR PRAYER On behalf of more than a hundred and fifty millions of Chinese."

It briefly stated the facts with regard to the nine unopened provinces ; that friends of the C.I.M. had long been praying for men to go as pioneer evangelists to these regions ; that recently four thousand pounds had been given for the purpose ; and that among the converts in the older stations of the Mission were some from the far interior, who were earnestly desiring to carry the Gospel to the districts from which they had come.

" Our present, pressing need," it continued, " is of more missionaries to lead the way. Will each of your Christian readers at once raise "his heart to God, and spend one minute in earnest prayer that God will raise up, this year, eighteen suitable men to devote themselves to this work ? "

It did not say that the leader of the Mission was to all appearances a hopeless invalid. It did not refer to the fact that the four thousand pounds recently given had come from his wife and himself, part of their capital, the whole of which they had consecrated to the work of God. It did not mention that for two and a half years they and others had been praying daily for the eighteen evangelists, praying in faith. But those who read the appeal felt the influence of these things and much besides, and were moved as men are not moved by sayings and doings that have not their roots deep in God.

So before long Mr. Taylor's correspondence was largely increased, as was also his joy in dealing with it-or in seeing, rather, how the Lord dealt with it and with all else that concerned him.

" The Mission had no paid helpers," he wrote of this time, " but God led volunteers, without pre-arrangement, to come in from day to day to write from dictation, and thus letters were answered. If one who called in the morning could not stay long enough to answer all, another was sure to come, and perhaps one or two might look in in the afternoon. Occasionally, a young friend who was employed in the city would come after business hours and do any needful bookkeeping, or finish letters not already dealt with. So it was day by day. One of the happiest periods of my life was that period of forced inactivity, when one could do nothing but ' rejoice in the Lord' and ` wait patiently for Him,' and see Him meeting all one's need. Never were my letters, before or since, kept so regularly and promptly answered.

" And the eighteen men asked of God began to come. There was first some correspondence ; then they came to see me in my room. Soon I had a class studying Chinese at my bedside. In due time the Lord sent them forth, 1-{ 1 It had been quite a problem as to how arrangements were to be made for the outgoing of party after party with the leader of the Mission a helpless invalid ; but in this too the Lord provided unexpected and most efficient help. Mr. Taylor had prayed much about it, and rejoiced to find that a warm friend from Glasgow, whom he had last met on the steamer at the time of his accident, was passing through London. Mr. Thomas Weir, from his connection with China shipping and his love for the Mission, was the one person whose advice Mr. Taylor would most have welcomed ; and when it proved that he could give the matter personal attention it was a cause for great thankfulness. The economical arrangement Mr. Weir made at that time with the Directors of the Castle Line continued to work well for a number of years.} and then the dear friends at Mildmay began to pray for my restoration. The Lord blessed the means used and I was raised up. One reason for my being laid aside was gone. Had I been well and able to move about, some might have thought that my urgent appeals rather than God's working had sent the eighteen men to China. But utterly laid aside, able only to dictate a request for prayer, the answer to our prayers was the more apparent."

When he was so far recovered that the physicians wished him to sit up for an hour or two daily, he could scarcely find time to do so, as several letters record. Every moment was taken up with interviews, with correspondence through his willing helpers, and with care for the work in China. The weekly prayer meeting was now held in his room, and the Council gathered from time to time at his bedside.

" I am just venturing to do a. little myself," he wrote to Miss Turner at the end of February. " I sit up in my easy chair for two hours some days. I cannot write much, but just pen a few lines to let you know that you are not forgotten... .

" Three months in bed is a long time. It would have been very weary, but that the Lord Jesus has made it very happy. Some nights when I have never slept at all, I have had much happy time to think of you all and to pray for you."

And to another friend in China a couple of months later:

You will be glad to hear that at last I am recovering. My back is gaining strength, and after nearly five months in bed I am now able to get up and down stairs.... I believe that God has enabled me to do more for China during this long illness than I might have done had I been well. Much thought, much prayer, and some effort in the way of writing by dictation have brought my intense desire for the evangelisation of all the un-. reached provinces visibly nearer.

By this time a marked change had come over the spirit of the scene at Pyrland Road. Instead of a deserted house, many were coming and going. The first party of the Eighteen had already sailed, and 'candidates overflowed all the accommodation available for their reception. Another house, indeed, had to be taken for this purpose, for in answer to the " Appeal for Prayer " published in January, no fewer than sixty offers of service were received during the year. How important Mr.Taylor felt it that no hasty decisions should be made, may be judged from the following letter used in his correspondence with candidates at this period. If their response to this faithful statement of the case warranted the hope that they would work happily in the Mission, they were invited to spend a longer or shorter time at Pyrland Road for personal acquaintance. .

" While thankful for any educational advantages that candidates may have enjoyed," he wrote, " we attach far greater importance to spiritual qualifications. We desire men who believe that there is a God and that He is both intelligent and faithful, and who therefore trust Him ; who believe that He is the Rewarder of those who diligently seek Him, and are therefore men of prayer. We desire men who believe the-Bible to be the Word of God, and who, accepting the declaration `All power is given unto me,' are prepared to carry out to the best of their ability the command, ' Go ... teach all nations,' relying on Him who possesses ' all power' and has promised to be with His messengers ' always,' rather than on foreign gun-boats though they possess some power ; men who are prepared, therefore, to go to the remotest parts of the interior of China, expecting to find His arm a sufficient strength and stay. We desire men who believe in eternity and live for it ; who believe in its momentous issues whether to the saved or to the lost, and therefore cannot but seek to pluck the ignorant and the guilty as brands from the burning.

" The Mission is supported by donations, not subscriptions. We have, therefore, no guaranteed income, and can only minister to our missionaries as we ourselves are ministered to by God. We do not send men to China as our agents. But men who believe that God has called them -to the work, who go there to labour for God, and can therefore trust Him Whose they are and Whom they serve to supply their temporal needs, we gladly co-operate with-providing, if needful, outfit and passage money, and such a measure of support as circumstances call for and we are enabled to supply. As may be seen from the last Occasional Paper (No. 39), our faith is sometimes tried ; but God always proves Himself faithful, and at the right time and in the right way supplies all our need.

" One-third of the human family are in China, needing the Gospel. Twelve millions there are passing beyond the reach of that Gospel every year. If you want hard work and little appreciation ; if you value God's approval more than you fear man's disapprobation ; if you are prepared to take joyfully the spoiling of your goods, and seal your testimony, if need be, with your blood ; if you can pity and love the poor Chinese in all their mental and moral degradation, as well as literal filth and impurity, you may count on a harvest of souls now and a crown of glory hereafter `that -fadeth not away,' and on the Master's ` Well done.'

" You would find that, in connection with the China Inland Mission, it is no question of `making the most of both worlds.' The men, the only men who will be happy with us, are those who have this world under their feet : and I do venture to say that such men will find' a happiness they never dreamed of or thought possible down here. For to those who count `all things' but dross and dung for `the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord,' He does manifest Himself in such sort that they are not inclined to rue their bargain. If, after prayerfully considering the matter, you still feel drawn to engage in such work, I shall be only too glad to hear from you again."

Young men and women who came to Pyrland Road on probation, encouraged rather than daunted by the spirit of the above letter, soon found occasion to rejoice in God as the Hearer and Answerer of prayer. Such, for example, was the experience in May that followed the sailing of Mr. George King for China. It had been difficult to spare him ; for, busy though he was in the city during the day, he had been one of Mr. Taylor's most faithful helpers both before and after office hours.

Perhaps the Lord will lessen the amount of correspondence for a time," said the latter, " unless He sends us unexpected help."

The correspondence lessened. Mr. King sailed on the 15th, and for a week or two the work was so far reduced as to continue manageable.

On the morning of the 25th, however, when the household gathered for noonday prayer, Mr. Taylor called attention to the fact that this lessening of correspondence had involved a lessening of contributions also.

" Let us ask the Lord," he suggested, " to remind some of His wealthy stewards of the needs of the work."

Casting up the amounts received from the 4th to the 24th of the month, he found that they came to a little over sixty-eight pounds.

" This is nearly 235 less than our average expenditure in China for three weeks," he added. " Let us bring the matter to the Lord in prayer."

The answer was not long delayed. That very evening the postman brought a letter which was found to contain a cheque to be entered From the sale of plate," and the sum thus realised and sent to the Mission was 235: 7 : 9. Little wonder that prayer was turned to praise at the next noon hour, or that Mr. Taylor in telling the facts could not help exclaiming, " Trust in Him at all times, and you will never be disappointed ! " 1-{1 " What a life of praise and joy and rest," he wrote a few weeks later, we should all lead, did we but fully believe in God's wisdom and love; and, gladly acquiescing in His will and way, cast every care on Him in trustful prayer.--China's Millions for August 1875.}

Quite as remarkable was another experience that soon followed. It was early in June, and Mr. Taylor was returning from Brighton, where he had taken part in a memorable Convention on Scriptural Holiness. Waiting for his train at the station, he was accosted by a Russian nobleman who had been attending the meetings, and who on learning that Mr. Taylor was going to London suggested that they should find seats together.

" But I am travelling third class, said the missionary. " My ticket admits of my doing the same," was the courteous reply. And they seem to have found a carriage alone together, for presently Count Bobrinsky took out his pocket-book with the words

" Allow me to give you a trifle toward your work in China."

Glancing at the bank-note as he received it, Mr. Taylor felt there must be some mistake-it was for no less than fifty pounds.

"Did you not mean to give me five pounds? " he said at once. " Please let me return this note : it is for fifty."

"I cannot take it back," replied the other, no less surprised. " It was five pounds I meant to give, but God must have intended you to have fifty ; I cannot take it back."

Impressed with the incident, Mr. Taylor reached Pyrland Road to find a prayer meeting going on. A remittance was about to be sent to China, and the money in hand was short by 49:11s. of the sum it was felt would be required. This deficiency was not accepted as inevitable. On the contrary, it called together those who knew of it for special prayer. 49:11s was being asked for in simple faith, and there upon the office table Mr. Taylor laid his precious bank-note for fifty pounds. Could it have come more directly from the Heavenly Father's hand? " Whoso is wise and will observe these things, even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the Lord."

No less encouraging to faith was the widespread interest aroused in a new departure connected with the outgoing of the Eighteen. Even the Council, meeting at Mr. Taylor's bedside, had been startled by his revival of a plan to which in earlier years he had given much consideration-that of obtaining access to Western China (the far inland provinces) by way of Burma and the Irrawaddy. At that time it had been abandoned as premature, but now unexpected developments brought it again to mind. The British Government, seeking to develop trade with Western China, was about to send an exploring party to the mountainous region lying beyond Bhamo on the upper waters of the Irrawaddy. Only a hundred miles, traversed by frequent caravans, separated that frontier town from the Chinese province of Yun-nan ; and Mr. Taylor was surprised to find, in an unknown visitor shown up to his room one day, a traveller who had himself taken the journey. Conversation with this gentleman assured him that Bhamo, with its large resident as well as floating population of Chinese, would be an admirable centre from which to reach the western provinces. Remarkably enough, Mr. Stevenson, who had shared Mr. Taylor's interest in the matter ten years previously, was again in England. So important did it seem to obtain direct access to those great regions not for trade only but for the Gospel, that he was willing to forgo the joy of returning to his own stations for the time being, that he might establish a branch of the Mission at Bhamo, D. V., for this purpose. This was the proposal that startled the Council, coming at a time when there seemed little hope of Mr. Taylor's ever being more than an invalid. But so earnestly did he plead the cause upon his heart that they were not only brought to his point of view, but one of the Hon. Secretaries, Mr. Henry Soltau, himself volunteered to accompany Mr. Stevenson in his difficult if not hazardous undertaking.

Farewell meetings, in many places addressed by Mr. Stevenson and Mr. Soltau, called forth a volume of prayer, and brought the Mission and its objects once more into prominence. 1-{1- To one of the missionaries in China Mr. Taylor wrote at the end of February : " You will have heard that Mr. Stevenson sails, D. V., March 30, for Bhamo-via Rangoon, Burma-to open a new mission there, before returning to Shao-hing. Pray much for this mission to Western China. It is giving a wonderful impetus to interest in the whole work."} Very readable letters telling of their voyage to Burma and progress up the beautiful Irrawaddy to Mandalay, the capital of the despotic native king, and his remarkable friendliness in granting them an interview and permission to reside at Bhamo, where there were at that time no foreigners, deepened the interest. And with this may be connected a characteristic move on Mr. Taylor's part, by which he was enabled to make the most of these communications. For the spring of this year (March 1875) saw the last number of the little quarterly, which had told the story of God's gracious dealings with the Mission from its commencement. New wine must have new, bottles, and all the life and blessing that had come with the appeal for the Eighteen needed more adequate representation. This Mr. Taylor saw ; and though it meant taking upon himself, in his poor health, the burden of an illustrated monthly, he sought strength for this also as part of the service to which his life was given.

But it was a great undertaking ; for' those were not the days of illustrated papers such as we have now, and China's Millions when it appeared was quite an innovation.1-{1 To Mrs. Hudson Taylor the Mission was indebted for this title, its first form being China's Millions and Our Work among Them.} Its up-to-date articles and pictures, when Burma was occupying a good deal of public attention ; its Chinese stories brightly translated for young people, and full-page texts with floral designs for children to colour on Sundays ; its news of pioneer journeys, and of conversions and progress in the older stations ; and above all its spiritually helpful articles from Mr. Taylor's pen came to be looked for by friends old and new.

" I vividly recall," wrote one of the young candidates, himself the Editor of the Life of Faith in later years, " Mr. Taylor's intense and eager interest in the first proof."

Another, whose abounding energy placed him in the van as a pioneer in the unopened provinces, told of the joy with which Mr. Taylor received the first completed number.

" I sold six the day it came out to a bookseller near Bow Station," was his lively recollection, " and disposed of many outside Moody and Sankey's great hall near by. The newsboys did not get hold of the title very well-they used to shout, `Chinese Millions, a penny ! ' "

The work involved in addressing and wrapping copies for the post was recalled by yet another-first of the pioneers to settle in the province of Kwei-chow, and subsequently the valued Treasurer of the Mission in China.

We thought it a fine paper in those days. It was a great business sending it out to everybody ! There was no publication department then, or for long after ; no department, indeed, of any kind outside Mr. Taylor's busy room.

So wonderfully was the health of the latter restored in answer to prayer, that he was able for an astonishing amount of work. A brief holiday taken in August to join his children in Guernsey was spent almost entirely in writing. Though longing to share with them the delights of that beautiful coast, he only managed to get out once during his stay of a fortnight ; but the letters he despatched to China and elsewhere were worth their weight in gold.

" I am thankful to be able to send you ninety dollars," he wrote to one of the younger members of the Mission.1-{1 From a letter to Mr. (afterwards Dr.) Douthwaite, who was taking up settled work in Chit-chow Fu, near the Kiang-si border of Che-kiang.}

"The Lord does provide, does He not ? How blessed it is to trust in Him ! It is far happier to want, trusting Him, than to be richly supplied, leaning on supplies rather than-on the Supplier. I find this life happier every year, though not less trying to faith.

" You will find the dear native helpers improve on acquaintance, I trust. They need our energy and faith to help them ; we, divine life and power. Read the Word with much prayer with them, dear Brother. Hold much holy communion with our Lord. Feed on the living Word ; and when you find it marrow and fatness to your soul, tell them what you are finding there. Oh! you will find it a blessed and holy service ; a fruitful and happy calling. You will not be kept long sowing thus before you are rejoicing over the first-fruits of the harvest."

Work as he might, however, he could not write personally to all the members of the Mission, though all were so truly upon his heart. He had to content himself with a circular letter sent off on his return to London, in which he sought to share with them some of the precious lessons learned in weakness and suffering.

" It is nearly twelve months," he wrote on the 26th of August, " since I sailed from China, and ten since I reached England. Few have been the letters I have written to you, but every day of this time you have been on my heart. Usually not once nor twice daily but oftentimes have you and your circumstances, sphere of labour and surroundings, as far as known to me,- been remembered and commended to God. I wish it were possible to write to each one of you more frequently and at length ; but I take comfort in the thought that you all know me, and know that I am at work for you and for China to the full extent of my ability. May God bless you all and each of those dear to you ; bless and prosper the work He has given you, and in due time make it manifest that HE has been working in and through you.

" When I came home, I hoped to have done much for China. God soon put that out of the question, as you know, and for many long months there was little I could do but pray. And what has been the result ? Far more has been done by God; far more is being done, far more will be done by Him than my most sanguine hopes ventured to anticipate.

" And shall we learn no lesson from this ? Shall we not each one of us determine to labour more in prayer ; to cultivate more intimate communion with God by His help ; thinking less of our working and more of His working, that He may in very deed be glorified in and through us ? If we can and will do this, I am quite sure that ere long there will be abundant evidence of it in the improved state of our congregations and churches, in the preparedness of the people for the message, and in the power with which it is delivered. More souls will be saved ; the believers will lead more holy lives, and our own knowledge of God and joy in Him will be multiplied. Surely we ought to lead beautiful lives, glorious lives, if we are really with Him Who is Chiefest among Ten Thousand, the Altogether Lovely ! `The people that do know their God shall be strong and do exploits.' "

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